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Talking About Public Health: Developing America's "Second Language"

by Lawrence Wallack, Regina Lawrence

The mission of public health—improving the health of populations—is difficult to advance in public discourse because a language to express the values animating that mission has not been adequately developed. Following on the work of Robert Bellah, Dan Beauchamp, and others, we argue that the first “language” of American culture is individualism.

A second American language of community—rooted in egalitarianism, humanitarianism, and human interconnection—serves as the first language of public health. These values resonate with many Americans but are not easily articulated. Consequently, reductionist, individualistic understandings of public health problems prevail.

Advancing the public health approach to the nation’s health challenges requires invigorating America’s second language by recognizing the human interconnection underlying the core social justice values of public health.

Acknowledgements and References

Acknowledgments

Work on this article was partly supported by a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Innovator’s Award to Lawrence Wallack. Also, the authors express their appreciation to Dan Beauchamp and to Richard Hofrichter, who reviewed an early version of this article and provided important guidance, and to the anonymous reviewers.

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